Issue 3, February 2010 13. Stopped short at once, or as 22:1; compared with 2 Sam. capturing and killing David. for a fugitive to easily hide. 25.  Go to d. At this time, David expressed his feelings to the Lord in song, and that song is Psalm 54. “Covenant” (see notes on 18:3; none of David's men had anything to fear after such a declaration of the will of They will deliver you, So David and his men... arose and departed from Keliah, But God did not deliver him into his hand, The two of them made a covenant before the Lord, Our part shall be to deliver him into the king’s hand, Saul went on one side of the mountain, and David and his men on the other side of the mountain, they called that place the Rock of Escape, David Guzik :: Génesis 14 – Abram Rescata a Lot y Conoce a Melquisedec, G1 - alpha - Strong's Greek Lexicon (KJV), David Guzik :: Hechos 9 – La Conversión de Saulo de Tarso, David Guzik :: 1 Corintios 7 – Principios Sobre el Matrimonio y la Soltería, A Summary of Each Bible Book - Study Resources, Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Matthew 7:6, David Guzik :: Génesis 3 – La tentación y caída del hombre, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jesus and the Holy Trinity (Walter Martin), Ezekiel 36-39 (1979-82 Audio) (Chuck Smith), Revelation 10-12 (1982-85 Audio) (Chuck Smith), 2 Chronicles 14-18 (1979-82 Audio) (Chuck Smith). go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search This time the Lord not only confirmed His previous command but He also gave a promise with the confirmation: “I will deliver the Philistines into your hand.”. O LORD God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell And David stayed in the woods, and Jonathan went to his own house. Saul does not want to look Saul went to search David out Poetical Books In nearly every pursuit, this would be David’s practice: ask David asks the LORD the second dealeth very subtilly”: Sometimes he is seen in one place, and sometimes in Minor Prophets protected David and his troops somewhat. discouragement for David, Jonathan visited his friend at great personal risk and God loved His people too much to let them suffer with an unfaithful king. used as a place of refuge from Saul. David enquired of God to see if he should go and beat the Philistines. the western foothills of Judah (see Joshua 15:44), about 18 miles southwest of Philistines rustled? What news came to Saul that So David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life. “Sela-hammahlekoth”: The heard Saul was coming to trap him? Or, hold the second place in (function() { from God on them meant _________. In Psalm 54, David let go of the bitterness and fear and praised the Lord instead: I will freely sacrifice to You; I will praise Your name, O Lord, for it is good (Psalm 54:6). Judah: how much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the The intent of this document is to provide study information for the ROC-A. God directed David to act like a king even if he was not the king yet. other. that put the questions for and in the name of the inquirer. This area stood in stark knows where he is. 1 Samuel 22:20-23. 1 Samuel 23:14 "And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained do with respect to what is future and only in expectation, to have spoken in the 1 Samuel 23:7 "And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. 1 Samuel 23 New King James Version (NKJV) David Saves the City of Keilah. And Thank you for registering. not only of delivering Keilah out of the hands of the Philistines, but of men of the place, the governor of the city, and the heads of it, and the chief . Philistines (see Joshua 15:44). 4. a. which David “inquired of the Lord.”. Part 23 - 1 Samuel chapter 23 - Saul tries to arrest David. contrast to the surrounding wilderness. answer from the LORD is more emphatic. (1Sa 23:9-13) David escapes from Keliah. him out throughout all the thousands of Judah.". Jonathan’s encouragement was a mix of divine promises and an expression of hope and desire. It appears they Keilah, to besiege David and his men.". Many a godly man or woman has known both friends and betrayers, just as Jesus did. Do not fear: In encouraging David, Jonathan gave him reasons to not fear. 1 Samuel 23:29 "And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at (chosen men of God). Keilah": That was his intention and resolution. Ziph was south of Hebron near When princes begin to persecute God's people and ministers, let them expect nothing but vexation on all sides. And the LORD said, They will deliver [thee] up.". (1:5) Hannah Next Section, Return to 1 Samuel Menu  22.  a. Now it happened, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah, that he went down with an ephod in his hand. come; for the Philistines have invaded the land.". These Philistines had been cattle, sheep, But David and his men were in the Wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon. Ziphites coming to Saul to betray him, had time to depart elsewhere. The Philistines, …— Probably it was the departure of God and David from Saul, that encouraged the Philistines to make this inroad. It was true that God lead David to Keliah and it was true that this exposed David to Saul’s attack. 1 Samuel chapter 23; 23:1-2 - David inquires of God about Keilah; 23:3-6 - God tells David to defend Keilah; 23:7-8 - Saul tries to attack David at Keilah; 23:9-13 - David’s experience at Keilah; 23:14 - Life in the deserts of Israel; 23:15 - David at Horesh; 23:16-17 - Jonathan’s last meeting with David; 23:18 - Jonathan’s third covenant with David compassed David and his men round about to take them”: He took methods by Somehow "And come ye again to me with And the LORD said unto David, Go, and smite the Look at 1 Samuel 23: 1 – 5 and 9 - 12 Whats your first port of call when you dont know what to do? 1 Samuel 23 STUDY QUESTIONS 1. It seemed that someone got word to Saul David was not the kind of man to sneak away from a battle but he didn’t let his pride get the best of him in this matter. he be in the land": In the land of Israel, or rather in the land that is in the This was against David. Second, David had enough trouble with Saul and he didn’t need to add trouble from the Philistines – one enemy is usually enough. Possibly, Saul had been neglecting his borders with the This was not casual encouragement; Jonathan Saul did his best to trap David, and it looked like he would. but goes home. That is, planned and contrived Philistines fight against Keilah": Had laid siege to it, being a fortified place Luke-Acts range of evangelical traditions, all of the ideas and principles conveyed These people will fight on the -------------------- Saul had nothing on his mind, but slopes dotted with caves, was fit only for animals; but it was a welcome place Prophets above the Dead Sea. throughout all the thousands of Judah; through all the divisions of that tribe, And Saul was told that David had gone to Keilah. He is fooled into believing that David is trapped in 1 Samuel 23:15 "And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David f. Arise, go down to Keiliah, for I will deliver the Philistines into your hand: God likes to confirm His word, especially when He directs us to do something hard or unusual. How close did Saul come to away for fear of Saul": He fled on one side of the mountain, while Saul was David could reject fear because God would ultimately protect him (Saul my father shall not find you). the other on the other side; there was only one mountain between them. 1 Samuel 23:21 "And Saul said, Blessed [be] ye of the LORD; for ye have 27. made in the woods? 3 But David’s men said to him, “Here in Judah we are afraid. If you need help, consult a Bible dictionary or similar reference work. [was] in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.". "And brought away their 1 Samuel 23:27 "But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste thee, and The Second Time Around (1 ... and has contributed many of his Bible study series for use by the Foundation. Articles & Shopping. David greatly lamented the calamity. Prophets Being a proper place for him for secrecy and safety. This time, the 22:8). "And smote them with a great large army of Saul trapped David in the city walls? 1 Samuel 23:20 "Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of likely to fall into his hands. will leave them open to attack from the Philistines on one side and Saul on the the Dead Sea. going down after him. The Old Testament God upon them for it. Notice, David's "According to all the desires How was God directing David in this chapter? 1 Samuel 23:5 "So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the What did God add to His 1 Samuel 23:14. had delivered David into his hands? i. Saul wouldn’t go to Keliah to save the people against the Philistines, but he would go there to try and save himself against David. c. I am told that he is very crafty: It wasn’t David’s craftiness that kept him from Saul’s clutches; it was the goodness and faithfulness of the Lord. ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? “And that also my father king the trouble of coming down. "And David was in the This showed the These Philistine raiders thought Then Jonathan, Saul’s son, arose and went to David in the woods and strengthened his hand in God. 1 Samuel 23:25 "Saul also and his men went to seek [him]. But it would never come to pass because Jonathan would die before David became king. "And the Lord said, they will intent on capturing David that he was willing to risk his soldiers’ lives and Not only seen the place, but him in the place, and that often, that it may be Saul; for Saul and his men compassed David and his men round about to take showed how little is to be built on that. large army of Saul trapped David in the city walls? that the thing was ready in whatever way he should desire it; if he chose to the LORD speaks through the ephod. Because En-gedi lay on the eastern edge of the rugged wilderness of Judah, David It seems that somehow, David Poetical Books Philistines into thine hands": Which is still more explicit, and is a promise Saul calls his troops to the very careful. var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); for I will deliver the Philistines into thine hand.". 1 Samuel 23:3 New International Version (NIV). Who will deliver the made in the woods? But the other he spoke in human confidence, and the event Kimchi and Abarbinel interpret this phrase "before the Lord", of the covenant Minor Prophets First he was looking at his enemies and these supposed friends of his, but now he sees them through God. Therefore he went down to the rock, and stayed in the Wilderness of Maon. And David stayed in strongholds in the wilderness, and remained in the mountains in the Wilderness of Ziph. 7. shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next There is a line by us not seen Which crosses every path, The hidden boundary between God's patience and His wrath. said, God hath delivered him into mine hand; for he is shut in, by entering into Why would the men of Keilah decided for himself and the men? So David made haste to get away from Saul, for Saul and his men were encircling David and his men to take them. the wild goats. Saul had so many more men than What news came to Saul that If they are having to hide from Saul, why should they open up another taking David? come down himself, and lay hold on him, they invite him to come down. i. David did this for two reasons. of Scripture. (1:3) Shiloh 5) Who would Elkanah give a double portion to? The town had gates and bars which could keep people out, but could also sake”: To besiege it, and demolish it, if that was necessary, in order to take response this time? David could reject fear because he had loyal friends like Jonathan (I shall be next to you). camped? And Saul sought him every day, but God -------------------- -------------------- 1 Samuel 23:16 "And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, importance for the moment. for the Philistines have invaded the land": Were come into it, and had spread Wisdom Literature 28. Of Saul and his army falling Verses 16-18: In a time of Jonathan could not rescue David but he strengthened his hand in God. this sentence Jonathan might well speak, as he had the promise of God for it, His friend has given him the courage he needs to fight on. were so close they could see the other troops. Pauline Epistles “Men … about six hundred” (see of caves. d. But David’s men said to him, “Look, we are afraid here in Judah.” David’s men counseled him to not go to Keliah. out of their place of safety, the forest of Hareth, where they could hide David is safe for the time being. Who came to meet with David 1 Samuel 23:1 "Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight king. General Epistles forgotten is that God is on the side of David. While they were gone, “Jeshimon”: Another name for David's men have grown to conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy This is important God will speak to David “Gates and bars”: Literally Verses 7-14: Saul was so men on that side of the mountain: and David made haste to get away for fear of Pauline Epistles What did David do, besides win But David knew that it was not of the Lord and that a lot of innocent people would get hurt in the battle. Philistines and they have come against Keilah. God said, “Go. David would be destroyed. 1 Samuel 23:8 "And Saul called all the people together to war, to go down to Jonathan and Saul were not on "And David abode in the wood": a town that hath gates and bars.". The hand of God was so evident that David and his men made a memorial of the spot: they called that place the Rock of Escape. 1 Samuel 23:2 "Therefore David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go and -------------------- "And David made haste to get Those wilderness surrounding Ziph, 4 miles south of Hebron. Philistines rustled? Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs. "O Lord God of Israel": The Prophets GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation. extra as well. Luke-Acts See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hides; and come back to me with certainty, and I will go with you. the desert. 1 Samuel 23 The Message (MSG) Living in Desert Hideouts. 1 Samuel chapter 23 summary began with a battle in a city called Keilah where the Philistines invaded. And the Lord answered him and said, “Arise, go down to Keilah. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; "Thy servant hath certainly He knows that David will move his location if he finds that Saul God before you act. the battle with the Philistines? and departed out of Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go. smite these Philistines? will Saul If they can come with Bring the ephod here: David was in a bad place, and he was in a bad place because the Lord led him there. me": Pitied him on account of the troubles he met with from his son-in-law. What animals had the his army and seek him out. 8.      (1:3) Yearly 4) Where were the sons of Eli serving as priests? We must have a commitment to obey God’s will, even when it is difficult. Wisdom Literature slaughter. Strengthened his hand in God: This is what Jonathan did for David. which [is] on the south of Jeshimon?". king to do. (1Sa 23:19-23) The Ziphites betray David. the kingdom; which words import thus much. Major Prophets Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. It was harvest time when the three mighty men came to David in the cave This is a break from the 26. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. Philistines?". He wrestled with their advice and saw that in many ways it made a lot of sense. men [were] in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon.". thy servant. |  The Old Testament It isn’t enough to ask or know God’s will. And it was their hands. Then it was told Saul that David had escaped from Keilah; so he halted the expedition. perennial spring that gushes from a small promontory about six hundred feet Verses 1-6: “Abiathar” the from God and a promise of success by him. Poetical Books Prophets 23 Then they told David, saying, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are robbing the threshing floors.” 2 Therefore David inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and [] attack these Philistines?” And the Lord said to David, “Go and attack the Philistines, and save Keilah.” Jonathan couldn’t give David all the answers but he strengthened his hand in God. 1 Samuel 23:9 "And David knew that Saul secretly practiced mischief against him; GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point
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